CHAPTER 2 PROBLEMS Problem 2-1 A catering company prepared and served 300 meals at an anniversary celebration last week using 10 workers. The week before, 3 workers prepared and served 240 meals at a wedding reception. a1. Calculate the labor productivity for each event. (Round your answers to 1 decimal place.) a2. For which event was the labor productivity higher? • Anniversary • Wedding Problem 2-4 A company that makes shopping carts for supermarkets and other stores recently purchased some new equipment that reduces the labor content of the jobs needed to produce the shopping carts. Prior to buying the new equipment, the company used 6 workers, who together produced an average of 100 carts per hour. Workers receive $20 per hour, and machine cost was $30 per hour. With the new equipment, it was possible to transfer one of the workers to another department, and equipment cost increased by $11 per hour while output increased by 5 carts per hour. a. Compute labor productivity under each system. Use carts per worker per hour as the measure of labor productivity. (Round your answers to 3 decimal places.) b. Compute the multifactor productivity under each system. Use carts per dollar cost (labor plus equipment) as the measure. (Round your answers to 3 decimal places.) c. Comment on the changes in productivity according to the two measures. Round your intermediate calculations to 3 decimal places and final answers to 2 decimal places. Problem 2-6 A manager checked production records and found that a worker produced 204 units while working 60 hours. In the previous week, the same worker produced 130 units while working 50 hours. a. Compute Current period productivity and Previous period productivity. (Round your answers to 2 decimal places.) b. Did the worker’s productivity increase, decrease, or remain the same? (Round your intermediate calculations and final answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)
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