Sociological test | Social Science homework help

QUESTION 1 23. The terms “society” and “culture” are:

A. mutually exclusive.

B. mutually dependent.

C. literal opposites.

D. independent

QUESTION 2 14. Which of the following statements about crime is true?

A. There are more arrests for violent crimes than for property crimes

B. There are more arrests for victimless crimes than for violent crimes

C. Property crime is more prevalent than violent crime.

D. There are more arrests for victimless crimes than for violent crimes

QUESTION 3 19. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a formal organization?

A. Norms governing social relationships specify the members’ rights.

B. Social statues and roles are organized around shared expectations and goals.

C. A formal hierarchy includes leaders or people who are “in charge.”

D. Social structure is informal and contingent upon the members’ experiences.

QUESTION 4 9. Sociologists use which of the following dimensions as indicators of social stratification?

A. Gender

B. Education

C. Age

D. Wealth

QUESTION 5 7. Opposition to same-sex marriage is highest among which of the following groups?

A. Persons age 55 and older

B. Persons who live in the North West

C. Persons who live on the East coast

D. Persons age 40-54

QUESTION 6 15. Men are _________ likely to be victim of a homicide, robbery, or aggravated assault than women.

A. more

B. equally

C. less

D. slightly less

QUESTION 7 13. Riley, a medical assistant, earns $49,000 annually. She decided to move from the emergency department to the pediatrics department for about the same salary. Riley has experienced:

A. intragenerational mobility.

B. vertical mobility.

C. intergenerational mobility.

D. horizontal mobility.

QUESTION 8 Race:physical characteristics::ethnicity:

A. cultural characteristics

B. actual characteristics

C. emotional characteristics

D. environmental characteristics

QUESTION 9 20. At the Barkley Company, there are forty employees. Addison is the President and CEO. Below her, Jack and Ross are managers. The thirty-seven others work below the managers in the storeroom or on the show floor. Which of Weber’s ideal characteristics does this scenario exemplify?

A. Explicit written rules and regulations

B. Impersonality

C. Division of labor and specialization

D. Hierarchy of authority

QUESTION 10 16. Bryan’s mother taught him to be kind and honest. When faced with the opportunity for dishonesty, Bryan remembered his mother’s words and was honest. What does Bryan’s behavior illustrate?

A. Formal social controls

B. Internal social controls

C. Informal social controls

D. External social controls

QUESTION 11 17. When are crime and deviance dysfunctional?

A. They create trust in poor relationships

B. They provide temporary safety

C. They erode trust in formal relationships

D. They dissolve tensions

QUESTION 12 Pam was inviting children to her daughter’s birthday party. She invited all of her neighbors, except the new family, the Chos, who recently moved from South Korea. By not inviting the Cho family, Pam exhibited:

A. scapegoating.

B. stereotyping.

C. prejudice.

D. discrimination.

QUESTION 13 24. Every ten years, the U.S. Census Bureau mails forms to every home in the United States to collect federally mandated data. Which data collection methods is the Census Bureau using?

A. Field research

B. Secondary Analysis

C. Evaluation research

D. Survey

QUESTION 14 25. C. Wright Mills introduced the concept of the “sociological imagination.” He used this term to describe the connection between:

A. biography and the physical environment.

B. historical issues and biography.

C. man and biography.

D. history and the physical environment.

QUESTION 15 18. Your sociology class this semester is an example of a/an:

A. out-group.

B. secondary group.

C. ideal group.

D. primary group.

QUESTION 16 Language, geographic roots, traditions, and religion are all components of:

A. ethnicity.

B. colonialism.

C. assimilation.

D. race.

QUESTION 17 11. Stephanie is a best-selling author of children’s books. While she makes a very good income, she has very little power or prestige. This is an example of:

A. role conflict.

B. status conflict.

C. status inconsistency.

D. role reversal.

QUESTION 18 6. Which of the following is NOT a sexual orientation?

A. Androsexual

B. Bisexual

C. Heterosexual

D. Asexual

QUESTION 19 5. Which of the following, created in 1978, made it illegal for employers to fire, demote, or penalize a pregnant employee?

A. Fertility Enhancement Act

B. Pregnancy Discrimination Act

C. Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act

D. Equal Pay Act

QUESTION 20 12. Which social class is known as the one that most American’s classify themselves as including those with annual incomes below $20,000 and those with annual incomes above $150,000?

A. Under class

B. Middle class

C. Working class

D. Upper class

QUESTION 21 Gender identity is typically developed:

A. during adolescents.

B. early in life.

C. after puberty.

D. during young adulthood.

QUESTION 22 21. Marlin is a 33 year-old male and an avid swimmer. He has competed in several national championships. Marlin is also the father of three young children, and is married to Peggy, a computer engineer. Marlin and Peggy live in the suburbs and own a nice home. What type of status is Marlin’s gender?

A. Earned

B. Achieved

C. Ascribed

D. Master

QUESTION 23 The hierarchical ranking of people who have different access to valued resources is referred to as:

A. dependency.

B. social stratification.

C. social networking.

D. inequality.

QUESTION 24 10. More prestigious occupations require:

A. more formal education than low prestige occupations.

B. more technical training than low prestige occupations.

C. less abstract thought than low prestige occupations.

D. less technical training than low prestige occupations.

QUESTION 25 22. When her father gets mad at her mother, Ellen’s father yells at her mother. Now, when Ellen gets mad, she yells. This is an example of:

A. indirect learning.

B. primary socialization.

C. modeling.

D. secondary socialization.

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