Urinary incontinence response | Biology homework help

Urinary incontinence (UI) was a highly prevalent condition that increased with age and stress UI was the most common, dominant in late adulthood and the most understood (Minassian et al, 2017). The urethral support was responsible for continence which was located at the bladder neck and proximal urethra. The primary support of the bladder neck was an intact vaginal wall at the base of the bladder. The fibrous and muscular attachments to the pelvic side wall, the vagina was shown to act as a hammock to support the bladder neck which maintained continence. Stress UI was mainly the result of connective tissue laxity in the vagina and its supporting ligaments. The role of the suspensory ligaments was to support the proximal vagina and mid-urethra to maintain continence. Several etiological theories of UI suggested neurogenic, epithelial and myogenic involvement. A commonly accepted UI theory was the loss of inhibitory control by the central nervous system. In the micturition center in the brain that maintains continence, it was a disruption of the communication response by which it suppressed the urge to urinate. The epithelial hypersensitivity theory proposed the presence of chemo sensitizing agents which lead to bladder instability that existed in adult women with a history of childhood voiding dysfunction. The myogenic theory suggested that the pelvic floor might sustain a physical strain during developmental years in which the pelvic floor failed. The failure was due to birth injury, genetics, environmental factors that resulted in the loss of the ability to support the urethral continence mechanism during an urgency episode. Other UI proposed theories was influenced by psychosocial disturbances, inflammatory, and drug-induced conditions. The key feature in most bladder control conditions was urine loss which was difficult to accurately distinguish between different subtypes, especially when UI was severe (Minassian et al., 2017).

The etiology of urinary incontinence (UI) was multifactorial. The etiology of UI required a well-defined understanding of the mediators and modifiers of disease onset and progression. The primary associated risk factors included increased age, ethnicity, smoking, a history of incontinence, increasing body mass index, damage from prostate surgery, pregnancy, vaginal birth and overactive bladder syndrome. The compensatory mechanisms was brought on by diseases such as diabetes mellitus, impaired physical function and cognitive impairment. An association between depression and UI was reported, although it remains unclear whether there is a causal relationship between the two symptoms, or if they stem from separate causes (Giraldo‐Rodríguez et al., 2019). Increasing age was a well-recognized risk factor for UI in many population-based studies. The strong association with age and UI was not a normal part of aging and should never be solely attributed to it (Vaughn &Markland, 2020).

Giraldo‐Rodríguez, L., Agudelo‐Botero, M., Mino‐León, D., & Álvarez‐Cisneros, T. (2019). Epidemiology, progression, and predictive factors of urinary incontinence in older community‐dwelling mexican adults: Longitudinal data from the mexican health and aging study. Neurourology and Urodynamics, 38(7), 1932-1943. https://doi.org/10.1002/nau.24096

Minassian, V. A., Bazi, T., & Stewart, W. F. (2017). Clinical epidemiological insights into urinary incontinence. International Urogynecology Journal, 28(5), 687-696. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-017-3314-7

Vaughan, C. P., & Markland, A. D. (2020). Urinary incontinence in women. Annals of Internal Medicine, 172(3), ITC17-ITC32. https://doi.org/10.7326/AITC202002040

University Writings
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.

Essays

Essay Writing Service

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.

Admissions

Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.

Reviews

Editing Support

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.

Reviews

Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.